Canada United States Intergovernmental Agreement

In 1994, the United States, Mexico and Canada, with the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), created the world`s largest free trade region, which generated economic growth and helped improve the living standards of the people of the three member countries. By strengthening trade and investment rules, this agreement has proven to be a solid foundation for building Canada`s prosperity and has provided a valuable example of the benefits of trade liberalization for the rest of the world. The new Canada-U.S.-Mexico agreement will strengthen Canada`s strong economic ties with the United States and Mexico. Canada and the United States announced on February 5, 2014 that they have signed a long-awaited intergovernmental agreement (Canada-U.S.) that significantly expands the exchange of tax information between countries. The agreement amends U.S. tax reporting and withholding tax rules, commonly known as the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA), as these provisions apply to Canadian financial intermediaries. The Canada-U.S. IGA must be ratified by Canada to enter into force. Canada also released bills on February 5 that would be ratified and implemented by the Canada-U.S. IGA.

Opinions on this legislation are accepted until 10 March 2014. 5.23 For the remainder of this chapter, the term “investment” is specifically used for investment traders subject to the affiliation and regulatory requirements of the Investment Industry Regulatory Organization of Canada (IIROC). Within the industry, an IIROC investment broker (the “introductory broker” or “IB”) may enter into an agreement with another IIROC investment broker (the “carrier broker” or “CB”) to allow him to use the back office of the carrier broker to perform certain trading-related functions on his behalf. Under the agreement, Canadian financial institutions will not report information directly to the IRS, but to the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA). The rating agency then exchanges the information with the IRS. The Government of Canada will be required to adopt enforcement rules and the rating agency will establish forms and procedures for these reports. Canadian financial institutions must begin due diligence procedures starting July 1, 2014 and provide information to credit rating agencies beginning in 2015. In March 2010, the United States passed fatca, a law that would have imposed on all non-Americans. Financial institutions to reach an agreement with the U.S. Internal Revenue Service (IRS) to cover the accounts of U.S. taxpayers, such as U.S.

citizens, who are residents or citizens of Canada, effective July 1, 2014. A non-U.S. financial institution that did not enter into such an agreement would have received a penalty fee. FATCA has raised a number of concerns in Canada and has reportedly forced Canadian financial institutions to provide information directly to the IRS for certain account holders, which may be contrary to Canadian data protection laws. The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), signed by Prime Minister Brian Mulroney, Mexican President Carlos Salinas and U.S. President George H.W. Bush, came into force on January 1, 1994. NAFTA has created economic growth and a rising standard of living for the people of the three member countries. By strengthening trade and investment rules and procedures across the continent, Nafta has proven to be a solid foundation for building Canada`s prosperity. NAFTA replaced Canada-U.S.

Free Trade Agreement (CUFTA). Negotiations on CUFTA began in 1986 and the agreement entered into force on 1 January 1989.