Which Of The Following Explains Why The Munich Agreement Is An Example Of Appeasement

Appetite is the foreign policy tactic of making concrete concessions to an aggressor to avoid war. An example of appeasement is the infamous Munich Agreement of 1938, in which Britain tried to avoid a war with Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy by doing nothing to prevent Italy`s invasion of Ethiopia in 1935 or Germany`s annexation of Austria in 1938. After the war, Hitler`s warrant officer Fritz Wiedemann recalled that he was “very shocked” by Hitler`s new plans to attack Britain and France three to four years after the agreement with the situation in Czechoslovakia. [21] General Ludwig Beck, Chief of the German Staff, noted that Hitler`s change in attitude in favour of rapid action was still the Czechoslovakian defence, which was no longer the case two to three years later and that British rearmament would not come into force until 1941 or 1942. [18] General Alfred Jodl noted in his diary that the partially Czechoslovakian mobilization of 21 May had led Hitler to adopt a new order for Operation Green on 30 May and that he was accompanied by a letter from William Keitel telling him that the plan should be implemented by 1 October. [22] The New York Times headline on the Munich agreement was: “Hitler receives less than his claims from the Sudetenland” and reports that a “joyful crowd” had applauded Daladier on his return to France and that Chamberlain had been “wildly applauded” upon his return to the United Kingdom. [54] The Czechoslovakians were appalled by the colony of Munich. They were not invited to the conference and felt betrayed by the British and French governments. Many Czechs and Slovaks describe the Munich agreement as a Munich diktat (Czech: Mnichovska diktéta); in Slovak: Mnechovska diktét). The phrase “Munich betrayal” (Czech: Mnichovska zrada; In Slovak: Mnechovska zrada) is also used because Czechoslovakia`s military alliance with France proved useless. This is also reflected in the fact that the French government, in particular, had considered that Czechoslovakia would be held responsible for any European war that would result if the Czechoslovak Republic defended itself by force against German abuses. In 1938, the Soviet Union was allied with France and Czechoslovakia.

In September 1939, the Soviets were in every respect a fighter with Nazi Germany, due to Stalin`s fears that a second Munich agreement with the Soviet Union would replace Czechoslovakia. Thus, the agreement indirectly contributed to the outbreak of war in 1939. [60] We suffered a total and total defeat… You will find that Czechoslovakia will be involved in the Nazi regime in a period that can be measured in years, but in terms of months. We are in a first-line disaster… we have suffered a defeat without war, the consequences of which will take us far along our path… we have taken a terrible step in our history, when the whole balance of Europe is disfigured and the terrible words have been uttered for the moment against Western democracies: “You are balanced and you have found unwanted things”. And don`t assume it`s the end. This is just the beginning of the settlement of accounts. This is only the first sip, the first taste of a bitter chalice that is offered to us year after year, unless we recover by a supreme restoration of moral health and warrior strength and we take our point of view for freedom as in ancient times.

However, the leader of the British Conservative Party, Winston Churchill, rejected the agreement. Alarmed by the rapid spread of fascism throughout Europe, Churchill argued that no level of diplomatic concessions would appease Hitler`s imperialist appetite. Neville Chamberlain, a proponent of appeasement, sought to ratify britain`s Munich agreement and ordered the British media not to release news of Hitler`s conquests.