Pakistan`s High Commissioner for India Abdul Basit suffered a powerful blow to peace in a speech in New Delhi late last month. He said India and Pakistan needed to formalize the 2003 ceasefire to prevent the situation from “deteriorating further.” C. The ceasefire line described above is drawn on a one-inch map (if available) and then checked by local commanders on either side, with the assistance of United Nations military observers, to eliminate no man`s land. If local commanders are unable to reach an agreement, the matter is referred to the Commission`s military adviser, whose decision is final. After this revision, there is every reason to believe that the proposal, more specifically, was inspired by the Pakistani government. The words he used: “We would propose that India and Pakistan agree to formalize the 2003 ceasefire agreement. This would prevent further deterioration of the situation until we are able to resume talks. This is his government`s proposal – “we would propose.” From the point of the NJ9842 map, it must pass north of the international border with China, at a distance of about 60 to 65 km. Since there were no troops in this area of inaccessible glacial sites, no effort was made to extend the ceasefire line between the NJ9842 and the Chinese border. This area, the Siachen Glacier, eventually became a bone of contention between India and Pakistan.  Security Council Resolution 39 of April 1948 established a UN Commission (UNSC) to mediate between India and Pakistan to end the fighting in Kashmir and hold a referendum. After negotiations with both sides, the Commission adopted a three-part resolution in August 1948 and then added a “complement”.
The three sides relate to the ceasefire, the terms of the ceasefire and the negotiating procedures related to the referendum. The two countries accepted the resolution and a ceasefire was concluded on 31 December 1948. The 830-kilometre ceasefire line, established in the agreement, began at the southernest point of the Chenab River in Jammu. It took place in a rough arc to the north and then northeast to the coordinate of the NJ9842 maps, about 19 km north of the Shyok River.  At that time, a ceasefire line had been drawn up in Karachi on 27 July 1949, which was to be replaced by a LoC agreement in 1972. The 1971 war ended with a mandatory Security Council resolution on 21 December 1971.